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City Marshals

The term City Marshal is an old word representing the head of the police department. Since 1967, city marshals have been called police chiefs. Here are some of our city marshals from the past.

Police, City Marshal and Officers, Hallowell, 1888
Police, City Marshal and Officers, Hallowell, 1888
Courtesy of Sumner A. Webber, Sr., an individual partner

One of the men in this picture was City Marshal, Edward W. Maddox. He reported in 1888 that he and his officers made forty eight arrests: twenty one Drunk arrests, five arrests on people that had no home and went from place to place, thirteen arrests of people selling illegal drinks or drugs, ten seizures of intoxicating liquors , one assault and battery, four thefts of personal property, one fast driver, one malicious mischief, one breaking and digging in street, and one disturbing public meeting . The most difficult issue was keeping an appropriate, proper enforcement of the law against the illegal sale of intoxicating liquors. The city demanded more regulations, requirements, or conditions to enforce the law.

This is a photo of Luther Gray, who was born in 1871 and died in 1949. He was a Hallowell City Marshall from 1920 to 1945. This picture was taken on his sixtieth birthday in 1931. His last annual report was in 1945, and here are the statistics: "27 arrests with one for drunken driving and 2 for lascivious behavior." He also wrote that police equipment was the same as in 1939 with the addition of a patrol car.

Fitz Morris was a son of William George Fish. He was born on April 17, 1873. Fitz Morris was taught in a public school in Hallowell. He was assigned the duties of deputy sheriff of Kennebec County in 1901 and City Marshal of Hallowell.